Address: Philosophy Department and Kenan Institute for Ethics,
203B West Duke Building
Duke University, Box 90432
Durham, NC 27708
Secondary Office: B248 Levine Science Research Center
Office: (919) 660-3172 Cell: 603-715-7447 Fax: (919) 660-3049
1996: Honorary M.A., Dartmouth College
1977-82: Ph.D. (1982), M.Phil. (1979), M.A. (1978), Yale University
1973-77: B.A. (1977), summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, Amherst College
2015–: Advisory Board of Oxford Martin School project, The Human Factor: Infectious Disease and Collective Responsibility
2015–: Advisory Board of Oxford Loebel Lectures and Research Programme on the Biopsychosocial View of Mental Illness
2015: Oxford Martin Visiting Fellow, Martin School, Oxford University
2015-: Professor of Law (secondary appointment), Duke Law School
2014: Summer School on Law and Logic, Harvard Law School and European University Institute (Florence, Italy)
2011-12: Visiting Scholar at the National Institutes of Health, Bioethics Program
2011, July: Distinguished Visitor at the Macquarie Research Centre for Agency, Values, and Ethics
2011, June: Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Centre for Contemporary Thought
Studies at the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte and at the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
2011-: Resource Faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
2011-: Core Faculty at the Duke Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
2011-: Faculty Affiliate, Duke Center for Interdisciplinary Decision Sciences
2010-: Research Scientist with The Mind Research Network, New Mexico
2010, November-December: Visiting Chair Professor, Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
2010, July-August: Visiting Scholar in Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth College
2010-: Affiliated Faculty in the Duke Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Affiliated Faculty
2010-: Faculty Network of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
2010-: Chauncey Stillman Professor in Practical Ethics in the Philosophy Department and the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University
2009-: Distinguished Research Fellow of the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics
2009-14: Partner Investigator at the Oxford Centre for Neuroethics
2009-10: Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford
2007-10: Faculty of National Judicial Conference
2007-10: Co-director of MacArthur Foundation Program on Law and Neuroscience
2007: Visiting Distinguished Fellow at the Sage Center for the Study of the Mind, University of California, Santa Barbara
2006-8: Faculty of One Day University (occasionally)
2006-9: Faculty of Center for Social Brain Science at Dartmouth College
2005-6: Laurance Rockefeller Visiting Professor for Distinguished Teaching, Princeton University Center for Human Values
2004: Director of Humanities Institute on “The Psychology and Biology of Morality”
2002: Robert C. 1925 and Hilda Hardy Professor of Legal Studies at Dartmouth College
1994: Co-director of NEH/Mellon Humanities Institute on “Moral Knowledge?”
1994: Promotion to Full Professor at Dartmouth College
1991: Co-director of NEH/Mellon Humanities Institute, “Interpreting the Constitution”
1988: Tenure and Promotion to Associate Professor at Dartmouth College
1982: Promotion to Assistant Professor at Dartmouth College
1981: Instructor at Dartmouth College
2013-14: Duke Alumni Association Faculty Fellow
1986, 1987: Dartmouth Student Course Guide Honor Roll for Excellence in Teaching
1980-81: Whiting Fellowship, Yale University
1977-80: University Fellowship, Yale University
1978: Tew Prize, Yale University
1977-78: Lamprecht Fellowship, Amherst College
1977: Summa Cum Laude, Amherst College
1976: Phi Beta Kappa, Amherst College
1973: President’s Cup, The Hotchkiss School
2017-18: “Toward a Culture of Questioning: Accountability, Humility, and Public Discourse” with Aaron Ancell, Jordy Carpenter, Walter Sinnott-Armsrtrong (PI), and Jesse Summers funded by Intellectual Humility and Public Discourse Project of the Templeton Foundation ($225,000)
2016-2017: Research team on “How to Build Ethics into Robust Artificial Intelligence” with Vince Conitzer and Jana Schaich Borg funded by the Information, Society & Culture Theme (ISC) and the Brain & Society Theme (B&S) of Bass Connections and the Franklin Humanities Institute ($24,200)
2016-2017: Incubator Award from the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences to study “The Nature of Disgust: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry” (Principal Investigator = Kevin LaBar, Co-Investigators = Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Nancy Zucker, Jana Schaich Borg, Caroline Amoroso, Eleanor Hanna) ($80,000)
2016-2017: Grant from Wellcome Foundation on “Our Brains, Ourselves, Our World” (to develop a proposal on International Neuroethics) (Section leader with Ilina Singh as Principal Investigator: $75,000)
2016-2018: Grant from SSRC (Social Science Research Council) to develop a proposal for research on polarization (Co-director, Director = Michael Gazzaniga; $25,000)
2016-2018: Grant from the John Templeton Foundation for “Neurocognitive profiles of the morally exceptional: mechanisms for decisions and social influence” (Collaborator; Principal Investigator: Molly Crockett—$199,061.27)
2016-2018: Grant from the John Templeton Foundation for Summer Seminars on Neuroscience and Philosophy (SSNAPs) (Co-Principal Investigator with Felipe De Brigard: $1,882,539)
2015-17: Grant from TriCEM (Triangle Center for Evolutionary Medicine) for “An Evolutionary Medicine Perspective on the Role of Disgust in Psychiatric Illness” (Co-leader with Caroline Amoroso, Charlie Nunn, Kevin Labar, Eleanor Hanna, Jana Schaich Borg, and Nancy Zucker: $9000)
2015-18: Grant from Future of Life Institute on “How to Build Ethics into Robust Artificial Intelligence” (Co-Principal Investigator with Vince Conitzer: $200,000)
2014-16: Incubator Award from the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences to study Implicit Moral Attitudes (Co-Principal Investigator with Tobias Egner, Scott Huettel, and Murali Doraiswamy; $60,000 in 2014-15—renewed in 2015-16 for $75,000; no-cost extension in 2016-17)
2014-15: Grant to study Stimulant Abuse from the Brain and Society program in the Bass Connections initiative at Duke University (Co-Principal Investigator with Jesse Summers, Phil Costanzo, and Ed Levin: $30,000)
2013-15: Grant from the John Templeton Foundation Project on Intellectual Humility for experiments on “Moral Humility and Conformity” (Team Member; Principal Investigators: Thomas Nadelhoffer, Jen Wright; $238,343)
2012-13: Collaborative and Interdisciplinary Grant in Genome Sciences and Policy from the Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy at Duke University (Co-Principal Investigator, $60,000)
2011-14: Grant from the John Templeton Foundation Project on Big Issues in Free Will for experiments on “What is a Readiness Potential?” (Co-Principal Investigator with Thalia Wheatley, Peter Tse, and Adina Roskies; $369,642)
2011: Grant from Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association for a mini-conference on experimental epistemology ($5000)
2009-14: Grant from the Wellcome Foundation for a Centre for Neuroethics at Oxford University (partner investigator, £750,000)
2008-10: Grant from the Leverhulme Foundation for a Visiting Professorship at the Uehiro Centre for Ethics at Oxford University (principal recipient: £31,682.98)
2007-10: Grant from the MacArthur Foundation for the Law and Neuroscience Project (Co-applicant and then Co-director; $10,000,000)
2006-7: Grant from the MacArthur Foundation for planning the Law and Neuroscience Project (Co-applicant with Art Singer: $80,000)
2004: Fellowship at the Center for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra
2004: Grant from NEH/Mellon Foundation and Dartmouth College for a Humanities Institute on “The Psychology and Biology of Morality” ($160,000)
2003-4: Cheheyl Fellowship for Curricular Innovation at Dartmouth College
2003: Dartmouth collaborative grant for workshop on “Global Warming and Ethics” (with Richard Howarth)
2002: Senior Faculty Grant from Dartmouth College
1994: Grant from NEH/Mellon Foundation and Dartmouth College for a Humanities Institute on “Moral Knowledge?” (with Kevin Reinhart) ($150,000)
1991: Grant from NEH/Mellon Foundation and Dartmouth College for a Humanities Institute on “Interpreting the Constitution” (with Susan Brison) ($120,000)
1998-9: Fellowship at the Harvard Program in Ethics and the Professions
1996: Visiting Fellowship at the Australian National University
1995: Senior Faculty Grant from Dartmouth College
1987: Fellowship at M.I.T./Harvard Program on Nuclear Weapons & Arms Control
1987: Junior Faculty Fellowship from Dartmouth College
Ethics (applied, theory, meta-ethics, historical, interdisciplinary)
Moral Psychology and Neuroscience
Philosophy of Law
Theory of Knowledge
Specialization on Reasoning, Data Analysis, and Writing (with Denise Comer, Mine Cetinkaya-Rundel, and Ram Neta (with a new Capstone course) on the Coursera platform (began January 17, 2015)
Think Again: How to Reason and Argue (with Ram Neta) on the Coursera platform
Session 1: November 2012 – March 2013 with 226,000 students registered
Session 2: August – November 2013 with 180,000 students registered
Session 3: January – April 2014 with 90,000 students registered
Session 4: August – December 2014 with 108,000 students registered
Session 5: January 5 – April 30, 2015 with 72,000 students registered
Session 6: August 24 – December 30, 2015 with 98,000 students registered
On-Demand: 2016 to present
Eyal Aharoni, Tommaso Bruni, Jordan Carpenter, Christine Lillie, Thomas Nadelhoffer, Joseph Paxton, Jana Schaich Borg, Katrina Sifferd, Devin Singh, Nina Strohminger, Jesse Summers
Graduate Students (adviser, committee member, or lab member):
Aaron Ancell (chair), David Barack (co-chair), Simon Barnes, Matthew Braddock (co-chair), Michael Campbell (chair), Beatrice Capestany, Luke Elson, Lally Gartel, Eleanor Hanna, Paul Henne (co-chair), Susanne Meyer (chair), Andreas Mogensen, Joseph Nelson (chair), Lawrence Ngo, Jonathan Pugh, Natalie Salmanowitz, Justin Snedegar, Valerie Soon, Gordon Steenbergen, Honghong Tang, Sungwoo Um, Amy Winecoff
Service to Duke University
Service to Dartmouth College
Support for Students:
Service to the Profession
Acting Chair, American Philosophical Association Board of Officers (4/27 – 5/18, 2013)
Vice-Chair, American Philosophical Association Board of Officers (2005-13)
Chair, Executive Director Search Committee of the American Philosophical Association (2010-11)
Executive Committee of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association (2008-11)
Vice-Chair, Executive Director Search Committee of the American Philosophical Association (2005-6)
American Philosophical Association Committee on the Status and Future of the Profession (ex officio, 2005-8)
American Philosophical Association Fund Drive Committee (Chair, 2004-5)
American Philosophical Association Committee on Lectures, Publications, and Research (member 2001-2005, chair 2005-8, chair 2015-2017)
American Philosophical Association Book Prize Committee (member 1999-2002, then chair 2002-3, 2004-5)
American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Program Committee (1996-7)
Joint Chair (with Julia Driver) of ISUS (International Society of Utilitarian Studies) conference (2005)
Steering Committee of the Delphi Society (1995-8)
Regional Selection Committee for Mellon Graduate Fellowships (1991-3)
Abstracter of Law Journal Articles for The APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Law (1984-6)
Outside referee for various theses, promotions, and departments
Service to the Community
Participant in Beyond Belief III: Candles in the Dark at the Salk Institute (2008)
Public Debates on “Does God Exist?” with William Craig (1999, 2000) and on
“Can There Be Morality Without God?” with Bruce Little (2006), Dinesh D’Souza (2008), and Sam Wells (2011)
Regular guest on “Valley Vision”, a radio talk show on WNTK (1997-2003)
Incorporator of the Upper Valley Community Foundation (1998-2003)
Democratic Town Committee for Hanover, NH (1999-2007)
Speaker at many community groups
Editor of “Philosophy in Action” book series for Oxford University Press (2006-)
Co-editor with Lynn Nadel and Frederick Schauer of “Neuroscience, Law, and Philosophy” book series for Oxford University Press (2010-)
Co-editor with E. J. Lowe of “Cambridge Studies in Philosophy” book series for Cambridge University Press (2003-8)
Editorial Boards of Journals
Referee for Journals
American Philosophical Quarterly, Analytic Philosophy, Argumentation, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Cognition, Comments on Neurobiology, Current Biology, Dialogue, Emotion Review, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, Ethics, European Journal of Philosophy, International Journal of Philosophical Studies, International Journal for the Study of Skepticism, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Journal of Ethics, Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Journal of Medical Ethics, Journal of Philosophical Logic, Journal of Philosophical Research, Judgment and Decisionmaking, Legal Theory, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Nous, Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Philosopher’s Imprint, Philosophical Explorations, Philosophical Papers, Philosophical Psychology, Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophical Review, Philosophical Psychology, Philosophical Studies, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Psychological Review, Public Affairs Quarterly, Public Library of Science ONE (PLoS ONE), Review of Philosophy and Psychology, Science, Southern Journal of Philosophy, Synthese, Utilitas, Yale Law Journal
Referee for Publishers
Basil Blackwell Publishing Company, Brown University Press, Cambridge University Press, Hackett Publishing Company, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Oxford University Press, Princeton University Press, Routledge & Kegan Paul
Referee for Foundations and Societies
National Science Foundation, Templeton Foundation, Wellcome Foundation, The Royal Society (United Kingdom), Vernieuwingsimpuls/Innovational Research Incentives Scheme (Netherlands)
Amherst College, Augustana College (South Dakota), Dartmouth College, Davidson College, Green Mountain College, Pomona College, St Cross College (Oxford), Washington College, Wellesley College
Australian National University (Philosophy Program and RSSS), Charles Sturt University, Columbia University, Dalhousie University, Duke University, Florida State University, Harvard University, Hokkaido University (Sapporo, Japan), Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence University, Monash University, National Cheng Chi University, National Cheng Kung University, National Chung Cheng University, National Taiwan University, North Carolina State University (Raleigh), Northeastern University, Northwestern University, Ohio State University, Pacific University, Portland State University, Princeton University, St. Louis University, Syracuse University, Texas Tech University, Tufts University, Tulane University, Wayne State University, Washington University St Louis, Western Michigan University, University of Aberdeen, University of Arizona, University of Belfast, University of Bristol, University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, University of Chicago Law School, University of Connecticut (Parcells lecture), University of Connecticut Law School, University of Copenhagen, University of Delaware (Norton Lecture), University of Dublin, University of Edinburgh, University of Florida, University of Glasgow, University of Houston, University of Hull, University of Leeds, University of Liverpool, University of Maryland at College Park, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, University of Memphis, University of Nebraska at Lincoln, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University of North Florida, University of Notre Dame, University of Oxford, University of Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh, University of Puerto Rico, University of Reading, University of Southern California, University of St. Andrews, University of Stirling, University of Utah (Rod P. Dixon lecture), University of Woolongong
Australian National University Law School, Columbia Law School, Vermont Law School, United States Military Academy at West Point, Lahey Clinic
Associations, Institutes, Societies, and Centers
Eastern, Central, and Pacific Divisions of the American Philosophical Association, Northern New England Philosophical Association, North Carolina Philosophical Society, Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Australasian Association of Philosophers, Association for Informal Logic & Critical Thinking, International Society for Utilitarian Studies, Workshop in Normative Ethics, Rocky Mountain Ethics (RoME) Conference, Centers for Applied Philosophy & Public Ethics in Canberra and Melbourne, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (Berlin), Austinian Society, Disproofs of Theism Society, Gruter Institute, Salk Institute, National Institutes of Health, Institute of Philosophy (in London), James Martin 21st Century School, The Hotchkiss School, One Day University, New Hampshire Humanities Council, UNC Humanities Forum, Killington Ski Resort, Osher Life-long Learning Institute, Philosophy Bytes, Philosophy Talk, Dartmouth and Duke student & alumni groups, WNTK, WOSU, WCOM, KERA, CKO, WUNC, and BBC radio stations
Moral Dilemmas (Oxford and New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988)
Understanding Arguments; An Introduction to Informal Logic, by Robert J. Fogelin and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (San Diego: Harcourt College Publishers, 4th ed. 1990, 5th ed. 1996, 6th ed. 2001, 7th ed. 2005) and then by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Robert J. Fogelin (Cengage Publishers; 8th ed. 2009, 9th ed. Concise Version and 9th ed. Complete Version, 2014) (All with separate instructors’ manuals)
God? A Debate between a Christian and an Atheist, by William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003)
Moral Skepticisms (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006)
Morality Without God? (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)(translated into Turkish 2012: https://www.ayrintiyayinlari.com.tr/kitap/tanrisiz-ahlak/443)
Contemporary Perspectives on Constitutional Interpretation, edited by Susan Brison and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Boulder: Westview, 1993)
Modality, Morality, and Belief; Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus, edited by WalterSinnott-Armstrong with Diana Raffman and Nicholas Asher (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995) (paperback edition, 2008)
Philosophy of Law: Classic and Contemporary Readings with Commentary, edited byFrederick Schauer and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace, 1996) (currently distributed by Oxford University Press)
Moral Knowledge? New Readings in Moral Epistemology, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Mark Timmons (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996) (reissued in 2014)
Rationality, Rules, and Ideals; Critical Essays on Bernard Gert’s Moral Theory with Replyedited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Robert Audi (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002)
Pyrrhonian Skepticism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004)
Perspectives on Climate Change: Science, Economics, Politics, Ethics, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Richard Howarth (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2005)
Moral Psychology, Volume 1: The Evolution of Morality (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008)
Moral Psychology, Volume 2: The Cognitive Science of Morality (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008)
Moral Psychology, Volume 3: The Neuroscience of Morality (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008)
Conscious Will and Responsibility, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Lynn Nadel (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011)
Memory and the Law, edited by Lynn Nadel and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012)
Handbook of Psychopathy and Law, edited by Kent Kiehl and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013)
BioPrediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior, edited by Ilina Singh, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu (New York; Oxford University Press, 2013)
Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will & Moral Responsibility (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014)
Section on “Neuroscience and Society” edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Adina Roskies in The Cognitive Neurosciences, Fifth Edition, editors-in-chief Michael S. Gazzaniga and George R. Mangun. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014.
Finding Consciousness. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Crime and Punishment, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Yifan Wang (Lulu Press, 2010)
Mental Illness and Ethical Responsibility, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Daniel Fishman (Lulu Press, 2012)
The Ethics of War and Terrorism, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Shannon Sullivan (Lulu Press, 2013)
Moral Disagreements, edited by Aaron Ancell and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Lulu Press, 2015)
Drugs and Addiction, edited by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Lulu Press, 2015)
Special Issue: Pardo and Patterson on Neuroscience and the Law, Neuroethics, 4, 3 (November, 2011), 179-222
Evidence and Law, edited by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Fred Schauer, a special issue of Episteme: A Journal of Social Philosophy, vol. 5, no. 3 (2008)
Interdisciplinary Core Philosophy, Philosophical Issues 18 (2008), Section B: Ethics, pp. 143-293.
Symposium on Contemporary Perspectives on Constitutional Interpretation, edited by Susan Brison and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Boston University Law Review 72, 4 (September, 1992), 681-799. (A selection of chapters from the collection above.)
(1) “‘Ought’ Conversationally Implies ‘Can’”, The Philosophical Review, vol. 93, no. (April, 1984), pp. 249-261.
(2) “‘Ought to Have’ and ‘Could Have’”, Analysis, vol. 45, no. 1 (January, 1985), pp. 44-48.
(3) “A Solution to Forrester’s Paradox of Gentle Murder”, Journal ofPhilosophy, vol. 82, no. 3 (March, 1985), pp. 162-168.
(4) “Moral Dilemmas and Incomparability”, American Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 4 (October, 1985), pp. 321-329.
(5) “A Defense of Modus Ponens“,by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, James Moor, and Robert Fogelin, Journal of Philosophy, vol. 83, no. 5 (May, 1986), pp. 296-300.
(6) “A Resolution of a Paradox of Promising”, Philosophia, vol. 17, no. 1 (January, 1987), pp. 77-82.
(7) “Moral Dilemmas and ‘Ought and Ought Not’”, The Canadian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 17, no. 1 (March, 1987), pp. 127-140.
(8) “Moral Realisms and Moral Dilemmas”, The Journal of Philosophy vol. 84, no. 5 (May, 1987), pp. 263-276.
(9) “Insanity and Irrationality”, Public Affairs Quarterlyvol. 1, no. 3 (July, 1987), pp. 1-21.
(10) “Promises which Cannot be Kept”, Philosophia, vol. 18, no. 4 (December 1988), pp. 399-406.
(11) “A Defense of Modus Tollens”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, James Moor, and Robert Fogelin, Analysis vol. 50, no. 1 (January, 1990), pp. 9-16.
(12) “The Ethics of the Bomb”, Dartmouth Alumni Magazine (February, 1990), pp. 14-15.
(13) “The Wrongful Intentions Principle”, Philosophical Papers vol. XX, no 1 (1991), pp. 11-24.
(14) “A Definition of Terrorism”, Journal of Applied Philosophy vol. 8, no. 1 (1991), pp. 115-120. (translated into Polish by Waclaw Jan Popowski as “O Primoratza definicji terroreyzmu” in Filozofia Moralnosci; Postanowienie i odpowiedzialnosc moralna (Warszawa 1997))
(15) “Moral Experience and Justification”, Southern Journal of Philosophy, Supplement to Volume 29 (1991), pp. 89-96.
(16) “Twenty Years of Moral Epistemology: A Bibliography" by Laura Donohue and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Southern Journal of Philosophy, Supplement to Volume 29 (1991), pp. 217-229.
(17) “An Argument for Consequentialism”, Philosophical Perspectives, Volume 6: Ethics (1992), pp. 399-421.
(18) “The Value of Bad Grades”, in Falling in Love with Wisdom (New York; Oxford University Press, 1992), pp. 54-56.
(19) “Risks, National Defense, and Nuclear Deterrence”, Public Affairs Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 3 (July, 1992), pp. 345-362.
(20) “Some Problems for Gibbard’s Norm-Expressivism”, Philosophical Studies vol. 69 (1993), pp. 297-313.
(21) “A Philosophical Introduction to Constitutional Interpretation”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Susan Brison in Contemporary Perspectives on Constitutional Interpretation, ed. Susan Brison and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Boulder: Westview, 1993), pp. 1-25.
(22) “The Truth of Performatives”, International Journal of Philosophical Studies vol. 2, no. 1 (March 1994), pp. 99-107.
(23) “Nihilism and Skepticism about Moral Obligations”, Utilitas, vol. 7, no. 2 (November, 1995), pp. 217-236.
(24) “Moral Skepticism and Justification”, in Moral Knowledge? New Readings in Moral Epistemology, eds., Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Mark Timmons (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 3-48.
(25) “Moral Dilemmas and Rights”, in Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory, ed. H. E. Mason (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 48-65.
(26) “Has Ethics Kept Up With the Development of Science, Technology, and Medicine?”in The Human Predicament: An International Dialogue on the Meaning of Human Behavior, ed. Dennis V. Razis (New York; Prometheus Books, 1996), pp. 91-103.
(27) “Some Varieties of Particularism”, Metaphilosophy, vol. 30, nos. 1-2 (January-April, 1999), pp. 1-12.
(28) “An Argument for Descriptivism”, The Southern Journal of Philosophy vol. 87, no. 2 (Summer 1999), pp. 281-291.
(29) “Explanation and Justification in Moral Epistemology” in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Vol. 1: Ethics, edited by Klaus Brinkmann (Bowling Green; Philosophy Documentation Center, 1999), pp. 117-127.
(30) “Begging the Question”, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 77, no. 2 (June 1999), pp. 174-191.
(31) “You Can’t Lose What You Ain’t Never Had: A Reply to Marquis on Abortion” Philosophical Studies vol. 96 (1999), pp. 59-72.
(32) “Entrapped in the Net?”, Ethics and Information Technology vol. 1, no. 2 (1999), pp. 95-104 (Reprinted in James Moor, ed., The Tangled Web)
(33) “‘MPP, RIP’ RIP”, Philosophical Papers vol. 78, no. 2 (October, 1999), pp. 125-131.
(34) “A Perspectival Theory of Law”, Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy, vol. 24 (1999), pp. 27-55 (reprinted in Tom Campbell and Jeffrey Goldsworthy, eds., Judicial Power, Democracy, and Legal Positivism (Aldershot; Dartmouth Publishing, 2000), pp. 185-213)
(35) “A Patchwork Quilt Theory of Constitutional Interpretation”, Tom Campbell and Jeffrey Goldsworthy, editors, Judicial Power, Democracy, and Legal Positivism (Aldershot; Dartmouth Publishing Co., 2000), pp. 315-334.
(36) “From ‘Is’ to ‘Ought’ in Moral Epistemology”, Argumentation vol. 14, no. 2 (May 2000), pp. 159-174.
(37) “Expressivism and Embedding”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. LXI, no. 3 (November 2000), pp. 677-693. (Reprinted in Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology, edited by Russ Shafer-Landau and Terence Cuneo, pp. 485-494. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2007.)
(38) “Responsibility in Cases of Multiple Personality Disorder” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Stephen Behnke in Philosophical Perspectives 14; Action and Freedom (2000), pp. 301-23.
(39) “Criminal Law and Multiple Personality Disorder: The Vexing Problems ofPersonhood and Responsibility”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Stephen Behnke, Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, vol. 10, no. 2 (Spring 2001), pp. 277-296.
(40) “What is Consequentialism? A Reply to Howard-Snyder”, Utilitas, vol. 13, no. 3 (November 2001), pp. 342-349.
(41) “R. M. Hare” in A Companion to Analytic Philosophy, ed. A. P. Martinich and David Sosa (Oxford and New York; Blackwell, 2001), pp. 326-333.
(42) “What's in a Contrast Class?”Analysis vol. 62, no. 1 (January 2002), pp. 75-84.
(43) “Two Ways to Derive Constitutional Rights” in Jeffrey Goldsworthy and Tom Campbell, editors, Legal Interpretation in Democratic States (Aldershot; Ashgate/Dartmouth Publishing, 2002), pp. 231-244. (Translated into Chinese by Yu Jun as “推定未列举宪法权利的两种方法”.)
(44) “The Scope and Structure of the Essays; A Brief Introduction”, by Robert Audi and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong in Rationality, Rules, and Ideals; Critical Essays on Bernard Gert’s Moral Theory with a Reply, edited by W. Sinnott-Armstrong and R. Audi (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002), pp. 1-3.
(45) “Gert Contra Consequentialism”, in Rationality, Rules, and Ideals; Critical Essays on Bernard Gert’s Moral Theory with a Reply, edited by W. Sinnott-Armstrong and R. Audi (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002), pp. 145-163.
(46) “A Light Theory of Color” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and David Sparrow, Philosophical Studies vol. 110, no. 3 (September 2002), pp. 267-284.
(47) “Recusal and Bush v. Gore", Law and Philosophy, vol. 21, no. 2 (March 2002), pp. 221-248.
(48) “Moral Relativity and Intuitionism”, Philosophical Issues, Volume 12: Realism and Relativism (2002), pp. 305-328.
(49) “How to Avoid Deviance (in Logic)" by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Amit Malhotra, History and Philosophy of Logic, 23, 3 (2002), pp. 215-236.
(50) “Experience and Foundationalism in Audi’s The Architecture of Reason” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67, 1 (2003), 181-187.
(51) “For Goodness’ Sake”, Southern Journal of Philosophy, 41, Supplement (2003), pp. 83-91.
(52) “Weak and Strong Judicial Review”, Law and Philosophy , 22, 3-4(July 2003), pp. 381-92.
(53) “Classy Pyrrhonism” in Pyrrhonian Skepticism, ed. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (New York; Oxford University Press, 2004)
(54) “Can You Believe It?” Dartmouth Alumni Magazine (May, June 2004), pp. 30-33.
(55) “Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology” in Metaethics After Moore, T. Horgan and M. Timmons (eds.). New York: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 339-365.
(56) “Word Meaning in Legal Interpretation”, San Diego Law Review 42, 2 (2005), pp. 465-492.
(57) “You Ought to be Ashamed of Yourself (When You Violate an Imperfect Moral Obligation)”, Philosophical Issues 15, Normativity (2005), pp. 193-208.
(58) “It’s Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligation” in Perspectives on Climate Change: Science, Economics, Politics, Ethics, ed. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Richard Howarth (Elsevier, 2005). Reprinted in Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader,3rd Edition, ed. Mark Timmons (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 722-736;and Climate Ethics: Essential Readings, ed. Stephen M. Gardiner, Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson, and Henry Shue (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 332-342.
(59) “Consequences, Action, and Intention as Factors in Moral Judgments: An fMRI Investigation” by Jana Schaich Borg, Catherine Hynes, John van Horn, Scott Grafton, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18, 5 (2006), pp. 803-817.
(60) “Brain Scans Go Legal” by Scott T. Grafton, Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong, Suzanne I. Gazzaniga, and Michael S. Gazzaniga, Scientific American Mind, December 2006/January 2007, pp. 30-37.
(61) “Which Evidence Law? A Response to Schauer” for PENNumbra, The University of Pennsylvania Law Review Vol. 155, No. 1 (November 2006), pp. 129-133.
(62) “Overcoming Christianity” in Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life, ed. Louise M. Anthony (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 69-79.
(63) “Reflections on Reflection in Audi’s Moral Intuitionism”, Rationality and the Good, edited by Mark Timmons, John Greco, and Alfred R. Mele (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007). pp. 19-30.
(64) “Preventive War—What is it Good For?” in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification, edited by Henry Shue and David Rodin (Oxford: Oxford UniversityPress, 2007), pp. 202-221. Reprinted in Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, 3rd Edition,M. Timmons, ed., Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 585-597.
(65) “Introduction”, Moral Psychology, Volume 1: The Evolution of Morality (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2008), pp. xi-xvii.
(66) “Introduction”, Moral Psychology, Volume 2: The Cognitive Science of Morality (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2008), pp. xiii-xviii.
(67) “Introduction”, Moral Psychology, Volume 3: The Neuroscience of Morality (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2008), pp. xiii-xix.
(68) “Framing Moral Intuitions” in Moral Psychology, Volume 2: The Cognitive Science of Morality, ed. W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008), pp. 47-76.
(69) “How to Apply Generalities: Reply to Tolhurst and Shafer-Landau” in Moral Psychology, Volume 2: The Cognitive Science of Morality, ed. W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008), pp. 97-105.
(70) “Is Moral Phenomenology Unified?” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7(1), March, 2008, pp. 85-97.
(71) “Intention, Temporal Order, and Moral Judgments” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Ron Mallon, Tom McCoy, and Jay Hull, Mind and Language, vol. 23, no. 1 (2008), pp. 90-106.
(72) “Can Neurological Evidence Help Courts Assess Criminal Responsibility? Lessons from Law and Neuroscience” by Eyal Aharoni, Chadd Funk, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Michael Gazzaniga for The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience, 2008, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1124 (Boston: Blackwell, 2008), pp. 145-60.
(73) "Abstract + Concrete = Paradox", in Experimental Philosophy, edited by Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 209-230.
(74) “Moral Skepticisms”, Philosophical Books, 49, 3 (2008), pp. 193-196.
(75) “Replies to Dreier and McNaughton” Philosophical Books, 49, 3 (2008), pp. 218-228.
(76) “Moderate Classy Pyrrhonian Moral Skepticism” Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 58, no. 232 (2008), pp. 448-456.
(77) "Replies to Hough, Baumann, and Blaauw” Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 58, no. 232 (2008), pp. 478-488.
(78) “Précis of Moral Skepticisms” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research LXXVII, no. 3 (2008), pp. 789-793.
(79) “Replies to Copp, Timmons, and Railton” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research LXXVII, no. 3 (2008), pp. 820-836.
(80) "Pollsters with Dirty Tricks", Letter to the Editor, Valley News 9/25/08, p. A9.
(81) “A Contrastivist Manifesto”, Social Epistemology 22, 3 (July 2008), 257-270.
(82) "Moral appraisals affect doing/allowing judgments” by Fiery Cushman, Joshua Knobe, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Cognition 108, 1 (2008), 281-289.
(83) "Why Traditional Theism Cannot Provide an Adequate Foundation for Morality", Is Goodness without God Good Enough? A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics, ed. Nathan L. King and Robert K. Garcia (Rowman & Littlefield, 2009), pp. 101-115.
(84) “Introduction” with Fred Schauer in Evidence and Law, a special issue of Episteme: A Journal of Social Philosophy, vol. 5, no. 3 (2008), pp. 251-252.
(85) “Brain Images as Legal Evidence” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Adina Roskies,Teneille Brown, and Emily Murphy in Evidence and Law, a special issue of Episteme: A Journal of Social Philosophy, vol. 5, no. 3 (2008), pp. 359-373.
(86) "Neural Lie Detection in Courts" in American Academy of Arts and Sciences,Using Imaging to Identify Deceit: Scientific and Ethical Questions (available by download at: http://www.amacad.org/publications/deceit.aspx)
(87) “Mackie’s Internalisms” in A World Without Values: Essays on John Mackie’s Moral Error Theory, eds. Richard Joyce and Simon Kirchin (Dordrecht; Springer, 2009), pp. 55-70.
(88) “Mixed-up Metaethics” in Meta-ethics, edited by Ernest Sosa and Enrique Villanueva, Philosophical Issues 19 (Boston; Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), pp. 235-256.
(89) “Neurolaw” by Annabelle Belcher and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Wiley Inter- disciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science (2009), ed. Lynn Nadel and Shaun Nichols. DOI: 10.1002/wcs.008
(90) "Practical Interests, Relevant Alternatives, and Knowledge Attributions: AnEmpirical Study", by Joshua May, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Jay Hull, and Aaron Zimmerman. Review of Philosophy & Psychology (formerly European Review of Philosophy), Psychology and Experimental Philosophy, vol. 1, no. 3 (2009), Edouard Machery, Tania Lombrozo, & Joshua Knobe (eds.).
(91) “How strong is this obligation? An argument for consequentialism from concomitant variation,” Analysis vol. 69, no. 3 (July 2009), pp. 438–442.
(92) “Abnormal Moral Reasoning in Complete and Partial Callosotomy Patients” by Michael B. Miller, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Liane Young, Danielle King, Aldo Paggi, Mara Fabri, Gabriele Polonara, & Michael S. Gazzaniga, Neuropsychologia, 48, 7 (2010), 2215-2220.
(93) “Moral Reasoning” by Gilbert Harman, Kelby Mason, & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology, ed. John Doris and the Moral Psychology Research Group, pp. 206-245. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
(94) “Moral Intuitions” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Liane Young, & Fiery Cushman, The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology, ed. John Doris and the Moral Psychology Research Group, pp. 246-272. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
(95) “Does Good Need God?” Encompass Ethics Magazine (Spring 2010), pp. 40-43.
(96) “Alternatives and defaults: Knobe’s two explanations of how moral judgments influence intuitions about intentionality and causation”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33, 4 (2010), 349-350.
(97) “Neuroprediction, Violence, and the Law: Setting the Stage” by Thomas Nadelhoffer, Stephanos Bibas, Scott Grafton, Kent A. Kiehl, Andrew Mansfield, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, & Michael Gazzaniga. Neuroethics. DOI 10.1007/s12152-010-9095-z (published online 18 November, 2010)
(98) "Moral Perception and Heuristics", in Varieties of Perception, a special issue of The Modern Schoolman 86, 3/4(March/May 2009), 327-347.
(99) “Brain Images as Evidence in the Criminal Law”, by Adina Roskies and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, for Law and Neuroscience, Current Legal Issues, Volume 13, ed. Michael Freeman, pp. 97-114. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
(100) “Wording Effects in Moral Judgments” by Ross O’Hara, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Nicholas Sinnott-Armstrong. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 7 (December 2010), pp. 547-554.
(101) “Hemispheric AsymmetriesDuring Processing of Immoral Stimuli”, by Lora Cope, Jana Schaich Borg, Carla Harenski, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Debra Lieberman, Prashanth K. Nyalakanti, Vince D. Calhoun, and Kent Kiehl, Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience, Vol. 2, Article 110, 30 December 2010, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.3389/fnevo.2010.00110
(102) “Cognitive Enhancements in Court” by Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu for The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics, ed. Judy Illes and Barbara Sahakian, 273-284. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
(103) “Neurolaw and Consciousness Detection”, Cortex 47 (2011), 1246-1247 (published online May 10, 2011: doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2011.04.021)
(104) “Emotion and Reliability in Moral Psychology”, Emotion Review, Volume 3, Issue 3 (July 2011), pp. 288 - 289.
(105) “Neuroimages as Evidence in a Mens Rea Defense: No Impact,” by N. J. Schweitzer, Michael J. Saks, Emily R. Murphy, Adina L. Roskies, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Lyn M. Gaudet, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, Volume 17, number 3, pp. 357-393 (Advance online publication June 20, 2011, doi: 10.1037/a0023581)
(106) “The Neural Basis of Moral Verdict and Moral Deliberation”, by Jana Schaich Borg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Vince D. Calhoun, & Kent A. Kiehl, Social Neuroscience 6 (4) (2011), 398-413. (Previously as iFirst, 1–16, published online at DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2011.559363.)
(107) “Insanity Defenses”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Ken Levy for The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Criminal Law, edited by John Deigh and David Dolinko (New York; Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 299-334.
(108) “Personality Disorders and Responsibility: Learning from Peay”, Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology Vol. 18, No. 3 (September 2011), 245-248.
(109) “Is morality unified? Evidence that distinct neural systems underlie judgments of harm, dishonesty, and disgust” by Carolyn Parkinson, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Philipp E. Koralus, Angela Mendelovici, Victoria McGeer, and Thalia Wheatley, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23:10 (2011), pp. 3162–3180.
(110) “Can Psychopathic Offenders Discern Moral Wrongs? A New Look at the Moral/Conventional Distinction” by Eyal Aharoni, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Kent Kiehl. Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 121 (2), May 2012, 484-497. Advance online publication at doi: 10.1037/a0024796
(111) “An Empirical Challenge to Moral Intuitionism” in The New Intuitionism, edited by Jill Graper Hernandez (London: Continuum, 2011), pp. 11-28 and 200-203.
(112) “Experimental Ethics” by Thomas Nadelhoffer and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Continuum Companion to Ethics, edited by Christian Miller (London: Continuum, 2011), pp. 261-274.
(113) “What Makes Killing Wrong?” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Franklin G. Miller in Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2013), pp. 3–7. doi:10.1136/medethics-2011-100351
(114) “The Memory of Jurors: Enhancing Trial Performance” by Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu in Memory and the Law, edited by Lynn Nadel and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012)
(115) “The Disunity of Morality and Why it Matters to Philosophy”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Thalia Wheatley, The Monist 95, 3 (2012), pp. 355-377.
(116) “Does Morality Have an Essence?”, Psychological Inquiry: An International Journal for the Advancement of Psychological Theory, 23:2 (2012), 194-197.
(117) “A Case Study in Neuroscience and Responsibility” for NOMOS LII: Evolution and Morality, edited by James E. Fleming and Sanford Levinson (New York: New York University Press, 2012), pp. 194-211.
(118) “Neurolaw and Neuroprediction: Potential Promises and Perils” by Thomas Nadelhoffer and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 7, Issue 9 (September, 2012), pp. 631-642. Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-9991.2012.00494.x
(119) “Killing versus totally disabling: a reply to critics”, by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Franklin G. Miller. Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 39, No. 1 (January 2013), pp. 12-14. Online First, published on Nov. 17, 2012 as 10.1136/medethics-2012-100948
(120) "Free Contrastivism" in Contrastivism in Philosophy, edited by Martijn Blaauw. Routledge, 2012.
(121) “Is Psychopathy a Mental Disease?” by Thomas Nadelhoffer and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong in Neuroscience and Responsibility, ed. Nicole Vincent. New York; Oxford University Press, 2013.
(122) “The Mind, the Brain, and the Law” by Thomas Nadelhoffer, Dena Gromet, Geoffrey Goodwin, Eddy Nahmias, Chandra Sripada, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, for The Future of Punishment, edited by Thomas Nadelhoffer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
(123) “Are Moral Judgments Unified?” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Thalia Wheatley. Philosophical Psychology vol. 27, no. 4 (2014), pp. 451-474. DOI:10.1080/09515089.2012.736075
(124) "Neuroprediction of future rearrest", by Eyal Aharoni, Gina M. Vincent, Carla L.Harenski, Vince D. Calhoun, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Michael S. Gazzaniga, & Kent A. Kiehl. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1219302110
(125) “Do Psychopaths Make Moral Judgments?” by Jana Schaich Borg and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong in Handbook on Psychopathy and Law, edited by Kent Kiehl and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, pp. 107-128. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
(126) “Barking up the wrong free: readiness potentials reflect processes independent of conscious will” by Alexander Schlegel, Prescott Alexander, Walter-Sinnott Armstrong, Adina Roskies, Peter U. Tse, and Thalia Wheatley. Experimental Brain Research 229.3 (September 2013): 329-35. Published online 28 March 2013. DOI 10.1007/s00221-013-3479-3
(127) “How Religion Undermines Compromise” in Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict, eds. Steve Clark, Russell Powell, and Julian Savulescu (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013)
(128) “Subcomponents of Psychopathy have Opposing Correlations with Punishment Judgments”, by Jana Schaich Borg, Rachel E. Kahn, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Robert Kurzban, Paul H. Robinson, & Kent A. Kiehl. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol. 105, No. 4 (2013), pp. 667–687.
(129) “What is Addiction?” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Hannah Pickard for The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry, ed. K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard G. T. Gipps, George Graham, John Z. Sadler, Giovanni Stranghelllini, and Tim Thornton (Oxford; Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 851-864.
(130) “Are Addicts Responsible?” for Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience, edited by Neil Levy, pp. 122-143. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
(131) “Are Moral Judgments Unified?” in Report, Science of Morality Workshop: Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Approaches Now and in the Future, edited by Steven Hitlin and Jan Stets, pages 96-98. Sociology Program, Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation, 2009.
(132) “Introduction” in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Freedom and Responsibility (Cambridge, MA; MIT Press, 2014)
(133) “Predictive accuracy in the neuroprediction of rearrest,” by Eyal Aharoni, Joshua Mallett, Gina M. Vincent, Carla L. Harenski, Vince D. Calhoun, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Michael S. Gazzaniga & Kent A. Kiehl. Social Neuroscience (2014), DOI: 10.1080/17470919.2014.907201
(134) “Moral Disagreements with Psychopaths” in Michael Bergmann and Patrick Kain (eds.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution, pp. 40-60 (New York; Oxford University Press, 2014).
(135) “Interview by Simon Cushing.” Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics (Philosophica Profiles) (2014), pp. 1–22.
(136) “Scrupulous Agents” by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Philosophical Psychology (2014): dx.doi.org/10.1080/09515089.2014.949005
(137) “Do Psychopaths Refute Internalism?” in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity, ed. Thomas Schramme, pp. 187-208. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2014.
(138) “Implicit Moral Attitudes” by Nina Strohminger, Brendan Caldwell, Daryl Cameron, Jana Schaich Borg, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, in Experimental Ethics: Towards an Empirical Moral Philosophy, edited by Christoph Luetge, Hannes Rusch, and Matthias Uhl, pp. 133-156. London; Macmillan, 2014.
(139) “Dissecting the Readiness Potential: An investigation of the relationship between readiness potentials, conscious willing, and action” by Prescott Alexander , Alexander Schlegel, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Adina Roskies, Peter U. Tse, and Thalia Wheatley. In Al Mele (Ed.), Surrounding Free Will, pp. 205-230. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014.
(140) “What’s Wrong? Moral Understanding in Psychopathic Offenders”, by Eyal Aharoni, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, & Kent Kiehl, Journal of Research in Personality 53 (2014), 175–181.
(141) “Introduction to Neuroscience and Society” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Adina Roskies in The Cognitive Neurosciences, Fifth Edition, editors-in-chief Michael S. Gazzaniga and George R. Mangun, pp. 991-993. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014.
(142) “Moral foundations vignettes: A standardized stimulus database of scenarios based on moral foundations theory”, Scott Clifford, Vijeth Iyengar, Roberto E. Cabeza, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Behavior Research Methods Online 1/13/15 at http://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13428-014-0551-2
(143) “Hypnotizing Libet: Readiness potentials with non-conscious volition”, by Alex Schlegel, Prescott Alexander, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Adina Roskies, Peter U. Tse, and Thalia Wheatley. Consciousness and Cognition 33 (2015), 196-203.
(144) "The DSM-5 Definition of Mental Disorder”, by Devin Singh and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. Public Affairs Quarterly, 29, 1 (2015), pp. 5-31.
(145) “Scrupulous Treatment”, by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. In Philosophy and Psychiatry: Problems, Intersections and New Perspectives, Daniel Moseley and Gary Gala, eds. New York: Routledge, 2015.
(146) “Scrupulous Judgments”, by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. In Studies in Normative Ethics, ed. Mark Timmons, Oxford University Press, 2015.
(147) “Readiness potentials driven by non-motor processes”, by Prescott Alexander,
Alex Schlegel, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Adina Roskies, Thalia Wheatley, and Peter U. Tse. Consciousness and Cognition 39 (2016), 38–47.
(148) “Two Distinct Moral Mechanisms for Ascribing and Denying Intentionality”, by Lawrence Ngo, Meagan Kelley, Christopher Coutlee, R. McKell Carter, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Scott A. Huettel. Scientific Reports, 5:17390, DOI: 10.1038/srep17390
(149) “Does Philosophy Matter?” in The OUPblog Tenth Anniversary Book, edited by Alice Northover. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 188-191.
(150) “Blame, not ability, impacts moral ‘ought’ judgments for impossible actions: Toward an empirical refutation of ‘ought’ implies ‘can’”, by Vladimir Chituc, Paul Henne, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Felipe De Brigard. Cognition 150 (2016), 20-25.
(151) “Neuromarketing: Ethical Implications of its Use and Potential Misuse”, by Steven Stanton, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Scott Huettel, Journal of Business Ethics (2016), 1-13. DOI 10.1007/s10551-016-3059-0
(152) “An Empirical Refutation of ‘Ought’ Implies ‘Can’”, by Paul Henne, Vladimir Chituc, Felipe De Brigard, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. Analysis 76 (3): 283-90. First published online May 19, 2016, doi: 10.1093/analys/anw041
(153) “Abnormal fronto-limbic engagement in incarcerated stimulant users during moral processing”, by Fede SJ, Harenski CL, Borg JS, Sinnott-Armstrong W, Rao V, Caldwell BM, Nyalakanti PK, Koenigs MR, Decety J, Calhoun VD, Kiehl KA. Psychopharmacology. (2016) doi:10.1007/s00213-016-4344-4
(154) “My Brain Made Me Do It — So What?” in Philosophers Take On The World, edited by David Edmonds, pp. 147-149. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
(155) “The Disunity of Morality” in Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality, ed. S. Matthew Liao, pp. 331-354. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
(156) “Scrupulous Characters”, by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, in Questions of Character, ed. Iskra Fileva, pp. 283-296. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.
(157) “Distinct neuronal activation patterns of positive and negative moral processing in psychopathy” by Fede, S. J., Schaich Borg, J., Nyalakanti, P., Harenski, C.L., Cope, L.M., Nyalakanti, P., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Koenigs, M., Calhoun, V., and Kiehl, K. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience. doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0454-z (First online 22 August 2016)
(158) “Implicit moral evaluations: A multinomial modelling approach” by C. Daryl Cameron, B. Keith Payne, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Julian A. Scheffer, and Michael Inzlicht. Cognition 158 (2017), 224-241.
(159) Vincent Conitzer, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Jana Schaich Borg, Yuan Deng, and Max Kramer. Moral Decision Making Frameworks for Artificial Intelligence. In Proceedings of the Thirty-First AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-17) Senior Member/Blue Sky Track, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2017.
“Asking the Right Questions in Moral Psychology” in The Atlas of Moral Psychology, edited by Jesse Graham and Kurt Gray. Guilford Press.
“Does Neuroscience Undermine Morality?” by Paul Henne and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. In Neuroexistentialism, edited by Gregg D. Caruso and Owen Flanagan. Oxford University Press.
“How to Allow Conscientious Objection in Medicine While Protecting Patient Rights,” by Aaron Ancell and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.
“Are Mental Illnesses Biopsychosocial?” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Jesse S.Summers, for a collection in the Loebel series edited by Rebecca Roache, Will Davies, and Julian Savulescu. Oxford University Press.
“Defining Addiction: A Pragmatic Perspective,” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Jesse S. Summers. or The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Addiction, eds., Hanna Pickard and Serge Ahmed.
Schaich Borg, J., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., & Grafton. 2010. Moral decision-making…the second time around. Society for Cognitive Neuroscience meeting, Montreal, CA. Schlegel, A., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Wheatley, T., Roskies, A., & Tse, P. 2011. Visually- evoked potentials reflect anticipation and/or preparation of future movements rather than acts of will. Vision Sciences Society meeting, Naples, FL, 8 May 2011.
Ngo, L., Kelly, M., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., and Huettel, S. 2012. Intentionality and Moral Value: Emotional Contributors to the Knobe Effect. Society for Neuroeconomics meeting, University of Miami, 27 September, 2012.
Fede, S., Schaich Borg, J., Cope, L., Harenski, C., Nyalakanti, P., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Newman, J., and Kiehl, K. 2013. Neural basis of positive moral processing in psychopathy. Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy meeting, Washington, DC, June 6, 2013.
Cameron, C. D., Payne, K., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Scheffer, J., & Inzlicht, M. "Implicit Moral Cognition: A Process Dissociation Perspective," for presentation at the 2015 SPSP Annual Convention in Long Beach, California, February 26-28, 2015.
Fede, Samantha J., Schaich Borg, Jana, Steele, Vaughn R., Harenski, Carla L., Rao, Vikram, Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter, Koenigs, Mike, Calhoun, Vince, and Kiehl, Kent A. Reduced limbic connectivity during moral judgment in psychopathy. Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy meeting, Chicago, IL, June, 2015.
Vlad Chituc, Paul Henne, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, & Felipe De Brigard, “Blame Rather than Ability Affects Moral “Ought” Judgments: Toward a (Mostly) Empirical Refutation of “Ought” Implies “Can” at the Society for Philosophy and Psychology (Duke University, June 2015)
Eleanor Hanna, Vijeth Iyengar, Scott Clifford, Roberto Cabeza, & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, “The Relationship Between Moral Judgment, Memory, and Political Affiliation” at the Society for Philosophy and Psychology (Duke, June 2015)
C. Daryl Cameron, Keith Payne, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Julian Scheffer, & Michael Inzlicht, “Implicit Moral Cognition: A Process-Dissociation Approach” at the Society for Philosophy and Psychology (Duke University, June 2015)
Nina Strohminger, Felipe De Brigard, & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, “The Utilitarian Paradox: Cognition-Heavy Moral Decisions are More Susceptible to Cognitive Bias” at the Society for Philosophy and Psychology (Duke University, June 2015)
Hanna, E., Iyengar, V., Clifford, S., De Brigard, F., Cabeza, R., & Sinnott-Armstrong, W. Neural responses to moral violations do not support a division between individualizing and binding categories. Poster presented at the annual meeting for the Society for Neuroscience (San Diego, CA; November 2016).
“Five ways to become a really effective altruist” by Julian Savulescu and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong for The Conversation on 2/8/16 published online at http://theconversation.com/five-ways-to-become-a-really-effective-altruist-53684
“My Brain Made Me Do It — So What?” (for Oxford Uehiro Center for Practical Ethics: http://blog.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/2015/03/my-brain-made-me-do-it-so-what/)
“Does Philosophy Matter?” for Oxford University Press blog (3/3/15): http://blog.oup.com/2015/03/does-philosophy-matter/ Reposted at: http://dailynous.com/2015/03/03/does-philosophy-matter-guest-post-by-walter-sinnott-armstrong/
“My Brain Made Me Do It, but Does that Matter?” for The Conversation (12/12/14 at https://theconversation.com/my-brain-made-me-do-it-but-does-that-matter-33532)
“Does Neuroscience Undermine Free Will?” Slate, http://www.slate.com/bigideas/are-we-free
“Intentions and Consequences in the Modern World” on the website for the Center for Humans & Nature of the John Templeton Foundation http://www.humansandnature.org/mind---morality---walter-sinnott-armstrong-response-128.php
"Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Thinking about Morality”, by Adina Roskies and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong for “Mind Matters” in Scientific American Mind (online) at www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=thinking-about-morality
Co-editor with David Brink and Julia Driver of entries on normative ethics in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (plato.stanford.edu/) (After 2013, my co-editors became Holly Smith and Mark Timmons.)
"Moral Skepticism", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (plato.stanford.edu/entries/skepticism-moral/) 2004, revised 2006, 2011, 2015)
"Consequentialism", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2003, revised 2006, 2011, 2015) (plato.stanford.edu/entries/consequentialism/)
“What is Philosophy?” (http://www.dartmouth.edu/~phil/whatis/wsa.html)
“Turning the Tables” with Jim Moor (software for teaching truth tables, downloadable at http://www.dartmouth.edu/~phil/)
“Induction vs. Deduction” (www.dartmouth.edu/~phil03/)
“Inference to the Best Explanation” (www.dartmouth.edu/~phil03/)
“Statistical Applications” (www.dartmouth.edu/~phil03/)
"At the Bottom of the Recount Quandary is ... Ambiguity" at
Various videos on the Science Network, Internet Infidels, Oxford Uehiro Institute for Ethics, and Closer to Truth
Podcasts for Philosophy Bites on “Are Addicts Responsible?” (May 2010),
“Morality Without God?” (August 28, 2009), and
“Moral Psychology” (May 2, 2009)
Interview on “The Existence of God” for Philosophy Talk (December 20, 2005)
Interview for Duke University Office Hours (2010) on “Neuroethics”
Podcast for Very Bad Wizards on “Contrastivism” on 6/11/2014
Video for Philosophy TV on “Disgust and Morality” with Victor Kumar on October 26, 2014 (http://www.philostv.com)
Videos for Wireless Philosophy (Wi-Phi)
Contrastivism: A Revolution in Philosophy — http://www.wi-phi.com/video/contrastivism-1
Contrastivism and the Problem of Free Will —http://www.wi-phi.com/video/contrastivism-2-free-will
Contrastivism and Causation — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRC9H_V-rbs
Contrastivism and the Problem of Skepticism — https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0kU-v1CEZck
“Experimental Philosophy” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 3rd Edition,ed. Robert Audi (New York; Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).
“Moral Dilemmas” in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2nd Edition, ed. Donald Borchert (Detroit; McMillan Reference, 2006)
“‘Ought’ Implies ‘Can’” in Encyclopedia of Ethics, Second Edition, ed. Lawrence and Charlotte Becker (London & New York; Routledge, 2001), Volume II, pp. 1265-1266.
“Gert, Bernard” in Encyclopedia of Ethics, Second Edition, ed. Lawrence and Charlotte Becker (London and New York; Routledge, 2001), Volume I, pp. 608-610.
“Intuitionism,” Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. Lawrence and Charlotte Becker (New York and London: Garland Publishing Co., 1992), Volume I, pp. 628-630. Reprinted with minor changes in the Second Edition (London and New York; Routledge, 2001), Volume II, pp. 879-882.
“Moral Dilemmas,” Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. Lawrence and Charlotte Becker (New York and London: Garland Publishing Co., 1992), Volume II, pp. 835-837.
Reprinted with minor changes in the Second Edition (London and New York; Routledge, 2001), Volume II, pp. 1125-1127.
“Impartiality” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Revised Edition, ed. Robert Audi (New York; Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 419.
“Moral Skepticism” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Revised Edition, ed. Robert Audi (New York; Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 589-90.
“Marcus, Ruth Barcan” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Revised Edition, ed. Robert Audi (New York; Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 535.
“Moral Dilemmas”, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, ed. Robert Audi (New York; Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 508. (Also in revised edition, 1999)
“Moral Dilemmas”, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Business Ethics, eds. Patricia Werhane and R. Edward Freeman (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997), pp. 427-8. (Reprinted in The Blackwell
Encyclopedia of Management, Second Edition, Volume II: Business Ethics, eds. Werhane and Freeman (Oxford: Blackwell, 2005), pp. 356-7; and Encyclopedia of Business Ethics,Third Edition, edited by the Business Ethics Faculty in the Opus College of Business,University of St. Thomas, in the Wiley Encyclopedia of Management, 3rd Edition, Carey L. Cooper, editor-in-chief; Wiley, Chichester, 2014.)
“Problems of Philosophy of Law (Update)”, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Supplement, ed. Donald Borchert (New York: Macmillan, 1996), pp. 414-416.
Review of Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel C. Dennett, & Reginald, B. Adams, Jr., Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse Engineer the Mind, in Science 332 (10 June 2011), 1265.
“Alfred R. Mele’s Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will,” critical notice by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Adina Roskies in Philosophical Books, vol. 51, no. 3 (July 2010), pp. 127-143.
Review of Tony Honoré, Responsibilty and Fault in Law and Philosophy 20 (2001), pp. 103-6
Review of James Griffin, Value Judgment: How to Improve Our EthicalBeliefs, in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research vol. LX, 1 (2000), pp. 237-240.
Review of Ruth Chang, ed., Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason, in Ethics, vol. 110, no. 1 (October, 1999), pp. 190-192.
Review of Robert Audi, Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character, in Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, vol. 2 (1999), pp. 191-193.
Review of David Copp, Morality, Normativity, and Society, in The Philosophical Review, vol. 105, no. 4 (October 1996), pp. 552-554.
Review of Warren Quinn, Morality and Action, in International Journal of Philosophical Studies 4, 1 (1996), pp. 193-196.
Review of Robert Audi, The Structure of Justification, in Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 45, no. 180, (July 1995), pp. 394-397.
Review of Mark Johnson, Moral Imagination, in Mind 103, 411 (July, 1994), pp. 381-384.
Review of Samuel Scheffler, Human Morality, in Philosophical Books, 34, 4 (1993), 235-9.
Review of Frederick Schauer, Playing by the Rules, in Philosophical Books, vol. 33, no. 2 (April, 1992), pp. 116-118.
Review of Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson, eds. Ernest LePore and Brian MacLaughlin, in Nous (1991), pp. 120-3.
Review of James D. Wallace, Moral Relevance and Moral Conflict, in Philosophical Books, vol. 30, no. 3 (July 1989), pp. 183-185.
Review of Simon Blackburn, Spreading the Word, in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. 48, no. 1 (Sept., 1987), pp. 163-6.
Review of Frederick Schauer, Free Speech: A Philosophical Enquiry, in Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, vol. 75, no. 9 (June, 1983), pp. 18-20.
Review of Hannah Arendt, The Life of the Mind, in Grolier’s Masterplots: 1979 Annual (Danbury, CT; Grolier Enterprises, 1979), pp. 196-199.
Too Much Morality? Lessons from Scrupulosity, by Jesse Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (rough draft completed)
Moral Psychology, Volume 5: Virtue and Vice, to be edited with Christian Miller (a collection of original papers under contract with MIT Press)
How to Reason and Argue—and Why (under contract with Penguin Press)
“Social Conformity in Moral Judgment and its Philosophical Lessons” by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Vlad Chituc
“Mind Control: Frontiers in Guiding the Mind,” by John D. Medaglia, Perry Zurn, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Danielle S. Bassett (submitted)
“How Contrastivism Solves the Problem of Mental Causation” (submitted)
“How Mental Content Causes Physical Effects”
“Does Freedom Make Us Responsible?”
“Just War Theory and Consequentialism"
Meagan Kelly, Lawrence Ngo, Vladimir Chituc, Scott Huettel, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, “Moral conformity in online interactions: rational justifications increase influence of peer opinions on moral judgments” (submitted)
Rebecca G. Brenner, Anthony N. Oliveri, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Edward D.Levin, “Effects of Methylphenidate on Risk Taking and Sociability in Zebrafish (Danio Rerio)” (submitted)
“Neural basis of verbal moral processing in incarcerated females with psychopathic traits” Samantha J. Fede, Jana Schaich Borg, Carla L. Harenski, Lora M. Cope, Vikram Rao, Prashanth K. Nyalakanti, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Kent A. Kiehl
“Dehumanized or devalued? Neural correlates of outgroup perception in offenders who vary in psychopathy” by Eyal Aharoni, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Lasana T. Harris, Susan T. Fiske, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Michael S. Gazzaniga, & Kent A. Kiehl
“Mind versus Brain: How Psychological and Neuroscientific Explanations Affect People’s View of Wrongdoers” by Dena M. Gromet, Geoffrey P. Goodwin, Simone Tang, Thomas Nadelhoffer, and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. Revised and resubmitted.
“Determining risk status for contracting an STD in young adults: A multidimensional approach” by Elizabeth Victor, Cameron R. Hopkin, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Phillip R. Costanzo, and Robert J. Thomson
“The Neural Bases of Moral Foundations” with Eleanor Hanna, Vijeth Iyengar, Scott Clifford, and Roberto Cabeza
“A Moral Affect Misattribution Procedure” with Joey Heffner, Daryl Cameron, and Keith Payne
“A Stroop-like Test of Implicit Moral Attitudes” with Joey Heffner, Tobias Egner, James Blair, and Stuart White
“Attention and Moral Judgment: An Eye Tracker Experiment” with Nina Strohminger and Felipe de Brigard
“Studies of Scrupulosity” with Jesse Summers, Christine Lillie, and Jonathan Abramowitz
“Order Effects in Medical Diagnosis” with Matthew Liao and Dominic Wilkinson
“4’33’”, by John Cage, performance at Faulkner Recital Hall (6/1/5)
“Tom Thumb”, by Ruth Crawford Seeger, accompanied by Martin Habermehl, performance at Faulkner Recital Hall (6/1/5)
Not in Vain: May 1, 2005 (a CD that I produced and for which wrote liner notes)
A 60-Limerick Canon: May 1, 2015 (a DVD in progress with Jason Bowers)